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Mount Airy: Home of Helen Hoy Greeley

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Title

Mount Airy: Home of Helen Hoy Greeley

Subject

Helen Hoy Greeley

Description

Helen Hoy Greeley was an early and significant voice for the women’s suffrage movement. Born in Albany, New York in 1878, she received her law degree and began to practice in 1903. Se became deeply involved in the Women's Suffrage Movement. In 1913 she helped create the Rainbow Campaign during which five different colors of flyers were delivered to the homes of men to encourage their support for women’s suffrage; during the practice session. It was reported that “two men, who belonged to two of the captains, lingered on the outskirts of the gathering, and looked in silent admiration at the political aptitude displayed by the suffragists.”(Brooklyn Daily Eagle February 7, 1913)

In 1915, the Hudson Evening Register reported, Helen Hoy Greeley “urged the men not to vote ‘yes’ because some pretty woman had requested them to do so, but to consider carefully the arguments of both suffragists and anti-suffragists and vote according to their honest convictions.’ (May 4, 1915 p. 5)

Perhaps her greatest achievement was her campaign in 1918-20 to obtain rank status for army nurses. In her words, “Under existing conditions the army nurse, trained by three years’ study and experience, has less authority on her own job than the hospital orderly of three weeks, training and less experience. Handicapped and delayed in their work by lack of authority… the army nurses here and abroad are backing a movement to obtain relative military rank.” She insisted the urgency was based on both hospital morale, respect, and efficiency of job performance (The Evening Independent June 20, 1918)

In the late 1920s-1930s she worked for the League of Nations, specifically on disarmament conferences and retired in the 1940s as senior solicitor for the U.S. Department of the Interior.

In 1942 she purchased Mount Airy (pictured above) in the Green Springs District and she lived in Louisa County until the early 1960s. During the 1940s, she spent a large part of her time working for the War Department in Washington DC and was often away from home. Very shortly after purchasing Mount Airy, she had a problem with one of her neighbors, Mr. Frank Dunn. Her cow got into his corn fields and ate and trampled his fields. This caused a disagreement between them, as she was too busy with her work to get back to him immediately. She also disagreed with him as to the amount of damage done to his corn field by her cow.

After her cow got loose into Mr. Dunn’s corn fields, she and her agent and friend, Mr. Pettit, walked over the land to view the damage. They estimated that the cow had done ten dollars worth of damage, no more than fifteen. The cow was caught a few days later and she assured Mr. Dunn she would pay him for the damage caused.

However, she was very busy with her work in Washington for the War Department and was not at the farm, or even in Louisa, for several weeks. Mr. Dunn took this to mean she was a liar and was not going to pay him for the damage. Mr. Pettit tried to help sort the whole situation out to no avail. Mr. Dunn wanted 25 dollars for the damage and Mrs. Greeley insisted that it was only 15 dollars of damage and would not pay the amount that Mr. Dunn had come up with on his own. After a while she finally wrote a long letter to Mr. Dunn explaining her busy work situation.

She stated, “I realize that this can mean but little to you and yet in emergencies like these wartimes you may well imagine how with a legal staff being drained off into the armed services the burden of the enormous volume of legal business in this department, never light, becomes abnormally heavy for such lawyers as are left, especially for those of some experience like myself.” She wrote in a perfectly polite way and yet somehow subtly insulted him almost making it sound as if he did not support America’s efforts in the war. She went on to add that none of her other creditors had “yet expresse[d] any impatience or distrust because of [her] failure to communicate with [them].” She also stated in a mocking tone, that if she had “been able… to realize just how fearful a person” he was, she would have immediately given him her attention. She ends the letter agreeing to pay the full 25 dollars after spending several paragraphs showing that she thought it ridiculous to have to do so.

This story about Helen Hoy Greeley reflects the strong personality she possessed. She was working non-stop for the War Department and running a farm practically by herself. She managed to hold her own in the issue with Mr. Dunn, managing to make him look unreasonable, even though she gave him what he wanted.

Ms. Greeley died in 1965 in a Charlottesville nursing home. A memorial service was held at St. James Episcopal Church in Louisa

Creator

Photo by Claudia Chisholm

Source

Louisa County Historical Society Archives

Publisher

Louisa County Historical Society

Date

1942

Rights

RIGHTS AND REPRODUCTION POLICY All items in our archives have been donated to The Louisa County Historical Society with express permission to use them only for not-for-profit purposes of education and individual research. We make them available online to further those ends. Anyone wishing to use images online or in printed publications must obtain express written permission to do so from the Louisa County Historical Society and the legal copyright holder. Users assume full responsibility for disputes arising from copyright violations or invasions of privacy.

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